All of my work is manipulated and not just "out of the camera" to enhance the look and feel of the final image.

In some of the work, I think in terms of the old processes using chemistry, though all of the work is done using computers and software.  Some of the old processes I mimic are Calotypes, a paper negative, that give the final image a texture not typically seen in digital photography. In addition, I soften the colors as if using a bleaching process along with sepia or brown toners.

All of my work has a vintage look and feel.